The legend of Isis and Osiris

June 9, 2022

The legend of Isis and Osiris

The legend of Isis and Osiris
The myth of Isis and Osiris is the most detailed and influential story within pharaonic mythology. The story revolves around the murder of the god Osiris, the pharaoh of Egypt, and the consequences of this crime. Following the crime, Osiris’ killer, his brother Set, usurped the throne.

At the same time, Isis hit the ground in pursuit of her husband’s corpse until she found it in Byblos, but Sett succeeded in stealing the corpse and cutting it into forty-two parts, and distributing it to the provinces of Egypt. Isis did not give up and was able to collect the remains of her husband, She conceived and later gave birth to a son, Horus, and Osiris became king in the kingdom of the dead.

The rest of the story centers on Horus, the child of the meeting of Isis and Osiris, who was initially just a weak child whose mother protects him, until he becomes Set’s rival for the throne. Set’s conflict with Horus, which was overwhelmingly violent, ended with the victory of Horus, which restored to Egypt the order it had lost under Set.

Horus also completed the process of reviving Osiris. Complete this legend, with its complex symbols, Egyptian concepts of the monarchy system, the succession of kings, the struggle between order and chaos, and in particular death and resurrection after death. Furthermore, the legend explains the distinctive features of each of the four deities in the story and how many worships in ancient Egyptian religions trace their origins to this myth.

The basic form of the myth of Isis and Osiris was completed in the 24th century BC, or possibly earlier. Many elements of the myth branch from religious ideas, but the conflict between Horus and Set may have occurred in part because of the regional conflict in Egypt at the beginning of history or in prehistory. Scientists have tried to ascertain the nature of the events that provoked this story, but their attempts did not bring conclusive results.

Parts of the myth are found in a variety of ancient Egyptian texts, from funerary texts and magical incantations to short stories. Thus, the story is more detailed and coherent than any other pharaonic myth. However, there is no Egyptian source that gives a complete and complete idea of ​​the legend, and events vary greatly according to different sources.

Although the Greek and Roman writings, and specifically the book “On Customs and Customs” by Plutarch, provide more information about the myth, they do not always accurately reflect Egyptian beliefs. Thanks to these writings, the myth of Isis and Osuis continued even after the demise of most of the pharaonic beliefs. This legend is still known to this day.

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